Verbal instruction is one of the most elementary forms of human expression and communication. It is important during the initial phase of motor learning, when an individual is becoming familiarized with the basic movements. It may include descriptions of the basic characteristics of movement, explanations of concepts, rules, inferences, definitions of models and the like. An instruction may be in the form of a conversation, where questions and answers are not determined beforehand. It may also be a discussion, a debate or an argument where different opinions, viewpoints, attitudes, arguments and counter-arguments are put forward. When giving instructions, the instructor should present objective facts, adhere to the principle of gradual progress from the easy to the more difficult, from the familiar to the unknown, from the relevant and vital to the less important. Good instruction is the cornerstone of successful motor learning.
The initial notion of motor learning is primarily based on a sensory signal system which provides optical information (sight). The demonstration method has to be combined with other learning methods, especially the method of instruction. The demonstration must be absolutely correct, clear and suitable to the learner's age and level of maturity. The instructor must always evaluate the effect of the demonstration and its applicative value. The demonstration must be in line with the learner's mental and motor abilities, and suitable for practical application. The demonstration of only one ideal movement is not desirable. Movement technique mirrors the concrete effects of a learner's motor abilities and morphological characteristic with wide variety. The demonstration of a technique should reflect the general rules of movement and the comments should be based on the individual learner's limitations and particularities. The basic precondition for motor learning is a good mental and visual notion of movement, the activation of psychic processes and working muscles. The ability to create a notion of a motor task is primarily the function of the right hemisphere of the brain